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Wellness Studies

Colon Cancer Prevention for Women ~

According to a study published in the International Journal of Cancer, a diet high in red meat increases risk of colon cancer in women. Researchers compared cancer incidence rates for dietary patterns centered on red meat, fish, poultry, or no meat in 32,147 women. Those who consumed red meat were more likely to develop distal…

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Vegetarian Diets Lower Diabetes Risk in Asian Populations

Vegetarian diets help prevent diabetes, according to a study published in Nutrition and Diabetes. Plant-based diets increase fiber and magnesium intake associated with improved insulin signaling via whole grains, vegetables, and soy products and eliminate saturated fat intake from meat products. Researchers assessed dietary patterns for 2,918 Taiwanese participants over five years and tracked diabetes incidence…

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Obesity & overweight people tend to have a shorter life span.

Researchers examined data for 190,672 participants from The Cardiovascular Disease Lifetime Risk Pooling Project. They tracked BMI, cardiovascular disease incidence rates, and mortality. Those with BMIs higher than 24.9 increased their risk for heart disease, developed heart disease earlier in life, and were more likely to die from a cardiovascular event when compared to those…

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First Liver-on-Chip Model for Studying Hepatitis B Infection

Scientists recently infected the first human liver-on-a-chip model with hepatitis B and unraveled biological and immune responses to the virus similar to that found in real human livers. This 3-D human-based model reproduced the viral infection at infection doses similar to that found in humans. Because it is physiologically relevant to humans, (vs animals), it…

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Miniature Model Studies Human Would Healing

Biomedical engineers recently created a miniature device composed of blood vessels, a valve that induces a “wound,” and the flow of blood to recapitulate the wound healing process seen during injury in humans. They used the human-based system to understand the role of several key-clotting factors for blood clot formation. The system helped the scientists…

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Simulating Human Brain Networks ~

Virtual Brain: Researchers used a brain modeling platform called The Virtual Brain to incorporate individual patient brain measurements to produce personalized models simulating six features of patient brain activity. The tool allowed the researchers to assess the neuron interactions involved, which cannot be directly measured in humans, and enables the data from patient’s brain signals…

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Preventing diabetes ~

Diabetes prevention is a possibility, if not a probability. A plant-based diet improves beta-cell function, according to a study published in Nutrients. Researchers from the Physicians Committee assessed insulin resistance after a meal for 75 overweight participants without diabetes for 16 weeks, half of whom followed a low-fat, vegan (plant based) diet. Those who consumed the vegan diet…

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A low-fat diet may prevent pancreatic cancer in overweight and obese women

According to a study published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, researchers compared cancer incidence rates for 48,835 postmenopausal women assigned to either a low-fat diet, in which fat intake was limited to 20 percent of daily energy, and daily servings of fruits, vegetables, and grains were increased to those in a control group. Those in…

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New Technique Advances 3-D Printing of Living Cells

Using a new technique called “in-air microfluidics,” scientists succeeded in printing 3-D structures with live cells. By shooting a jet stream of fluid into another jet stream of cells, in-air microfluidics allows partially solidified droplets of live cells to be created in-flight and deposited onto a substrate to build a 3-D structure filled with cells…

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New Method to Predict Survival for Gastric Cancer Patients

Using gastric cancer biopsies from 77 patients, scientists recently identified a panel of proteins (BRF1, BRCA1/2, and MPO) induced by alcohol consumption that can predict the recurrence of the cancer, the overall survival, and the response to platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy. The biomarkers discovered in this study can help alcoholic patients with gastric cancers choose the…

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