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Wellness Studies

Preventing diverticulitis ~

Avoiding red meat and other risk factors may prevent up to half of diverticulitis cases, according to a study published in The American Journal of Gastroenterology. Researchers assessed outcomes from red meat intake, low fiber intake, obesity, minimal physical activity, and smoking in 51,529 men from the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study. Results showed a 73 percent…

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Most Cancer Cases in United States Linked to Lifestyle

Most cancer incidents and deaths are a result of modifiable lifestyle choices, including diet, according to data published online in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians. Researchers analyzed data from 2014 from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Cancer Institute and assessed cancer incidence rates and morbidity attributable to risk factors including…

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Using Skin Cells to Model Diabetes in Humans

Using human skin cells from a tissue bank at Glasgow Caledonian University, researchers created induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS cells) to generate wound healing skin models from diabetic and nondiabetic patients. The model created in this study can be used to understand why diabetic patients have difficulty with wound healing and controlling skin infections. The…

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Avoiding Saturated Fat Lowers Risk for Heart Disease in Children

Reducing saturated fat and trans fat intake reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease in children and adolescents, according to a review and meta-analysis published in PLoS One. Researchers analyzed results and outcome measures for randomized controlled trials and cohort studies focused on dietary interventions to reduce saturated and trans fat intake in those between the ages…

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Lower Risk for Heart Failure ~

Researchers compared five different diets among 15,569 participants without previously diagnosed heart disease or heart failure from the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study and tracked heart failure incidence rates. Those who followed a plant-based diet that included dark, leafy green vegetables, beans, and whole grains and excluded processed meats lowered…

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Living with HIV ~

“Those living with HIV are at an increased risk for both chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to data published in PLoS One. Researchers analyzed disease risk factors for 27,215 HIV-positive men and women as part of the Data Collection on Adverse Events of Anti-HIV Drugs (D:A:D) study. Results showed a strong…

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Poor Diet Linked to Multiple Sclerosis Relapse in Children

Fatty diets increase the risk of multiple sclerosis (MS) relapses in children, according to a study published online in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, & Psychiatry. Researchers tracked dietary intake data and assessed relapse rates for 219 participants with pediatric relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) at 11 MS centers across the United States. Higher fat intake increased the…

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High Blood Pressure in Mothers Linked to Childhood Obesity

Hypertensive disorders during pregnancy affect children’s obesity risk, according to a study published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. Researchers followed 88,406 mother-child pairs and tracked blood pressure measurements. Mothers with higher blood pressure readings during the second and third trimesters increased overweight and obesity risk in their children by 49 percent and 14…

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Leafy Greens Lower Risk for Heart Disease in Adolescents

Children and adolescents with low intakes of phylloquinone, a form of vitamin K, may be at risk for enlarged heart valves, according to a study published in the Journal of Nutrition. Researchers followed diet records for 766 participants aged 14-18 and monitored vascular structure and functionality. When compared to those with the highest intake of vitamin…

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