Plant-based Meals & Type 2 Diabetes

Plant-Based Meals Stimulate Incretin and Insulin Secretion in Those with Type 2 Diabetes

A plant-based diet improves secretion of incretin hormones and insulin in those with type 2 diabetes, according to research published in Nutrients.

Researchers compared two energy-matched vegan and non-vegan meals to track improvement in glucose response, a mechanism in developing diabetes, and beta-cell function in a randomized crossover trial. Secretion of insulin, C-peptide, and amylin increased more after the vegan meal than the standard meal. Beta-cell function parameters also improved after the vegan meal. The results suggest clinical applications of vegan diets for improvement of beta-cell function and diabetes treatment.

Kahleova H, Tura A, Klementova M, et al. A plant-based meal stimulates incretin and insulin secretion more than an energy- and macronutrient-matched standard meal in type 2 diabetes: a randomized crossover study. Nutrients. 2019;11:486-497.

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